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Greenland

Greenland, in the native language called Kalaallit Nunaat, meaning ”Land of the people”; is an autonomous country within the Kingdom of Denmark, located between the Arctic and the Atlantic Ocean, east of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago. Physiographically, it is a part of the North-American continent.

Greenland is 2,2 million sq km (880.000 sq mi) and has 55.000 inhabitants. 85% of the country is covered by the inland glacier. There are no roads in Greenland. In summer, the only transport is by boats, helicopters and airplanes. Greenland is probably the second wildest area in the world and untouched by people, after the South Pole.

Greenland has been inhabited, though not continuously, by indigenous peoples since 2500 BC. There were Norse colonies in Greenland from AD 986 until early in the 15th century. In the early 18th century contact between Scandinavia and Greenland was re-established, and Denmark established a rule over Greenland.

Greenland is very rich of wildlife. There are several whale and seal species all around the coast. Mammal species include Polar bear, Arctic fox, Snow hare, Musk ox and Reindeer. There are also many seabirds species around the coast, including King Eider.

 

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